Autistic adolescents need the support of their parents or guardians to prioritise independence so that they are prepared for learning to drive, according to a new study.
These findings were compiled by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and recently published in the journal Autism in Adulthood.
Specialised driving instructors who have worked specifically with young autistic drivers also emphasised the need to develop and refine best practices to guide assessment and delivery of highly individualised instruction for autistic young people.
Rachel K. Myers, PhD, lead author of the study and scientist at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), said: "Through our interviews with specialised driving instructors, we learned they believe parents are a critical partner in preparing for and undertaking independent driving.
“Instructors recommend that parents help their children develop independent life skills, including the use of alternative forms of transportation such as bicycling or mass transit, and to practice pre-driving skills, such as navigation, before undertaking on-road driving lessons."
Driving instructors are an important resource for families, especially for those with autistic adolescents learning to drive. However, because not much is known about the specific experience of teaching autistic adolescents how to drive, this limits the ability to provide adolescents and families with proper guidance preparing for the learning-to-drive process.
To help bridge this gap, researchers conducted in-depth interviews with specialised driving instructors who had experience working with autistic adolescents and young adults. This is the first study to examine the process and experience of driving instructors who provide behind-the-wheel training specifically for this population.
The study revealed a set of common themes that underscored the importance of parents of autistic adolescents in preparation for the learning-to-drive process, with driving instructors viewing parents as essential partners in supporting their efforts in teaching driving skills and promoting independence.
Participating instructors said parents can support and prioritise independence by encouraging their autistic adolescents to develop life skills, such as mowing the lawn, cooking, and taking public transportation, before learning to drive.
Benjamin E. Yerys, PhD, study author and psychologist at the Center for Autism Research at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, said: "What these specialised driving instructors told us about the disconnect between driving and other life skills was surprising.
“Some parents may not let their autistic adolescents use an oven, but are asking if their teens are ready to drive. Whether or not their children decide to drive, parents should encourage greater independence by encouraging them to get around on their own. Travelling independently by driving or other modes of transportation is key to continuing their education, working, and staying connected with friends and family."
The study was conducted by a multidisciplinary team of researchers from CHOP's Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Center for Autism Research, and Division of Emergency Medicine, as well as the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI), as part of a five-year study aimed at understanding mobility issues for autistic adolescents funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This is the first paper published as part of the study.